THE LUNG FACTS
Asthma is a common lung disease affecting about 300 million people worldwide. In Malaysia it is estimated that about 1.5 million people of all ages suffer from asthma. As many as 50% children with asthma missed school and about a third of adults missed work because of asthma and many of these patients had to be hospitalized and experienced symptoms of uncontrolled disease. Suboptimal treatment and inadequate knowledge about the illness are factors contributed to poor control of asthma.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease affects almost exclusively adults smokers. Initial symptoms include cough with sputum production and difficulty in breathing initially on severe exertion but later on may be so debilitating that even walking a few steps can be a real struggle. In the terminal stage of the illness many patients would require continuous oxygen supplement to alleviate their breathlessness.
Chronic ventilatory failure is a condition whereby the respiratory muscle weakness or the chest wall deformity or both result in inefficient respiration. If left untreated, most patients will die of inadequate oxygen or excessive carbon dioxide or both, which is often a slow and agonizing death. The condition can be satisfactorily treated with oxygen supplement or breathing apparatus/ventilator which can be placed at patient’s home.
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia is a lung disease that occurs in premature neonates who needed oxygen therapy or mechanical ventilation during their early lives. The lung damage can be severe that long term oxygen may be required for many of these infants for a considerable period of time.
The above are some of the example of lung diseases that prolonged disability to many patients. Your contribution may be able to help these patients to lead a healthier life